DOMINICA

 

The resources on environmental conservation and sustainability  available in Dominica are historically strong because of the island's commitment to land perservation through its establishment of three major forest reserves that occupy more than two-thirds of the island. Its rugged topography and uniquely diverse flora and fauna seal its identity as the Nature Island of the Caribbean.
The Cabrits National Park is a wildlife and marine sanctuary, with Fort Shirley as the focal point and tourist attraction.

The Indian River, located just south of the town of Portsmouth is the deepest and longest river in Dominica and the only one currently amenable to boat rides. It served as a plot location in the Pirates of the Caribbean movie series, which filmed two of its productions on island. The river's marsh setting has a unique ecological environment within Dominica and boasts some interesting wildlife for viewing during the boat tours.

According to its website, the Kalinago Barana Aute is the brainchild of former Kalinago chief Mr.Faustulus Frederick and is located in Crayfish River, about half an hour's drive from the Melville Hall Airport and 1.5 hour's drive from Dominica's capital, Roseau. The facility in itself projects a pre-Columbian Amerindian community in Dominica and currently occupies just less than two (2) acres of land. Several traditionally built structures including the majestic Karbet, mouinas and ajoupas are prominent features of the facility which were all meticulously fitted amidst the rich vegetation of the Atlantic coast."
The Waitikubuli National Trailis the longest hiking trail, which spans the entire island of Dominica. Crafted on the historical journeys of Dominica's African-descended maroons, the trail consists of 14 segments with varying levels of difficulty. The main office is located in the centre of the island, near Pond Casse.
D-Smart Farm, the farm tourism camping ground is an experiment in a variety of sustainable agricultural projects. From seedlings, to animal rearing to providing sustainable education and immersion experiences to students and the general public, D-Smart farm is a model eco-conscious entrepreuneurial endeavor.
Rosalie Bay Resort, with its eco-friendly aesthetic, is the home to a turtle conservancy program that protects the endangered and protected species of turtles in Dominica. The nesting and hatching seasons for the turtles are a favoured activity for beach and resort patrons.
Trois Pitons National Park is located in one of Dominica's forest reserves. It was established in 1975 and became a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1997. Recently, during Tropical Storm Erika in 2015, villages on the boundaries of the National Park experienced significant landslides and mudslides, which caused the death of approximately 30 people.
Located at the southern tip of the island, the Dominica Marine Reserve (est. 1998) is a protective environment for Dominica's marine ecology. It is the home of an underwater volcanic crater and one of the most important diving locations in the world. The recent communications campaign of the SSMR in November 2015 sensitized the public to the environmental challenges that officials are currently facing in their conservation efforts.
Dive Dominica is one of the leading dive centers in Dominica.

The Geothermal Project, the recent and controversial alternative energy endeavor by the Government of Dominica has already passed its first well test and is in continued development. Located in the Roseau Valley area, the Geothermal Project Site has faced some push back from residents who fear environmental risks in addition to the noise pollution. However, officials make a strong case and the government was able to secure some funding to push the project through the first phase.

According to its official website, The GEF Small Grants Programme SGP is funded by the Global Environment Facility (GEF), implemented by United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) on behalf of the GEF partnership and executed by the United Nations Office for Project Services (UNOPS). Active in 122 countries worldwide, the SGP supports community action to achieve global environmental benefits. The SGP aims to deliver global environmental benefits in the GEF Focal Areas: Biodiversity, Climate Change, International waters, Land degradation and Persistent Organic Pollutants (POPS)."

The Dominica Botanic Gardens, established during the colonial era, is located in the city of Roseau and serves as a sanctuary for one of the region's richest botanical collection.

 

BAHAMAS


700 islands came together to create an exquisite “shallow sea” nirvana; or what the Spanish called “Baja mar”, and what we call today- The Bahamas. Currently, 39 different organizations and ecological sites are mapped from the Bahamas, which include organizations such as The Bahamas Reef Environmental Education Foundation, The Bahamas Nature Conservancy, The Dolphin Encounters and Dive Bahamas. Ecological sites such as the North and South Marine Parks, Blue Hole National Park and West Side National Park are just a few amongst the list of ecologically protected areas we have recognized thus far.
While some of the organizations enlisted here enforce environmental laws and protection, others partake in focusing closely on the capacity building aspect of it. For instance, the Bahamas Reef Environmental Education Foundation or BREEF for short, is a non-governmental foundation with the mission to promote environmental conservation and sustainability with an emphasis on the conservation of the marine environment- especially since 95% of their territory is underwater (breef.org/). However, the Bahamas Nature Conservancy is an international conservation organization’s prime focus is on protecting important nature lands and waters.
They’ve been working since 1951, and have been able to accumulate 1 million members, 600 scientists, protect over 100 million acres of lands and thousands of miles of rivers, in 72 different countries (The Nature Conservancy [US]).The Bahamas also has organizations such as Dolphin Encounters and Dive Bahamas- two unique and independent entities, which mainly deal with exploration and adventure with underwater life. Dolphin Encounters gives the opportunity to learn about bottle-nose dolphins and sea lions in a fun an interactive way, while Bahamas Divers allow divers to swim with aquatic life and observe coral reef.
While certain organizations are formed to raise public awareness, the Bahamas foster environmentally protected areas such as the North and South Marine Parks; two parks created to preserve their reef ecosystem, and said to be third longest barrier reef in the world. Located in Andros, Bahamas you can find the highest concentration of Blue Hole at the Blue Hole National Park at the southern portion of the Marine Parks- according to the Bahamas National Trust. In conclusion, the West Side National Park; a costal mangrove is home to many- including the endangered West Indian Flamingo.

 

ANTIGUA AND BARBUDA


Land of 365 beaches and the only land in the Caribbean to have a Mount Obama (a mountain renamed after the US’ 44th president), Antigua and Barbuda is eccentrically home to various environmental awareness organizations and protection programs- which play their part in the conservation and preservation of the mother island and its daughter island. A total of 17 items currently exist on Carisealand; 10 of which are located in Antigua and 7 in Barbuda; though we can't say for certain how many of these organizations are still operational as a result of the passage of Hurricane Irma severely damaging the daughter isle, Barbuda. Thus, here are some of the environmental protectors you may discover on the islands.
The Waste Recycling CORP. This is a non- profit organization which was started by the Rotary Club of Antigua Sundown, where they explore services such as; the collection of non-biodegradable materials and sensitizing and distributing recycling bins. In addition, the Antigua and Barbuda Waste Recycling Corporation has been quite committed to the preservation and conservation of the environment through their relentless efforts to institute various waste recycling programmes.
The Jumby Bay Hawksbill Project. The JBHP is a study which monitors the Hawksbill sea turtle nesting colony on Long Island, Antigua and is currently in its 29th year of sea turtle conservation. This long serving study has observed about 450 nesting hawksbills that they have individually tagged, and seen vast amounts of offsprings make their way down the sand into Pasture Bay to start their life journeys. The JBHP ‘s mission is to understand to a deeper degree the life history and community of the sea turtles with the aim that it will provide scientific evidence which will aid in wise management and the formation of good policies. The Project is also a member of the Wider Caribbean Sea Turtle Conservation Network (WIDECAST).
The Ministry of Agriculture, Lands, Fisheries & Barbuda Affairs. With the vision; “To be a vibrant organization guided by creativity, innovation, respect for the environment, standards of efficiency and the application of appropriate science and technology to deliver effective services”, the Ministry of Agriculture, Lands, Fisheries & Barbuda Affairs is versed in activities which will boost the country’s food security and sustainable development under their lands, forestry and veterinary and livestock divisions.
Other organizations and programs mapped on the site includes the UN ESA Agenda 21, the Horticultural Society, Codrington Lagoon National Park (CLNP), Green Antigua APUA amongst many more.

 

 

GRENADA


The island of spices, and home to the family fairy tale “crick crack” stories which feature the famous Caribbean spider character, Anansi and his friends, Grenada too is one of the countries in the Lesser Antilles who sees the profound importance of creating environmental bodies and institutions to advocate for environmental conservation, preservation and sustainability; 24 of these organizations are now mapped in Carisealand.
With gems such as the 60 feet tall Paraclete Waterfall and Lake Antoine National Park, are just some of the reasons Grenada preserves her nature. Another reason would be the River Sallee Boiling Springs; which is located at the northeast of the island and is of spiritual importance to the residents. In addition, visitors are encouraged to toss coins into the fountain while they make wishes. This is why organizations such as the Grenada Fund for Conservancy; a foundation which aims to promote and protect Grenada’s environment, respecting the delicate balance that exists between natural resources and human needs, sees the importance of existing in order to fight against climate change, and preserve the island’s resources. This aids organizations such as Dive Grenada, to give snorkelers and divers the opportunity to have an intimate experience with the best underwater life and more Grenada can offer; including the underwater sculpture gallery built by artist and a diver, Jason De Caires Tabrylor in 2006.
The Grenada chapter of Friends of the Earth, was established in 1991, where Grenada also joined Friends of the Earth International. Friends of the Earth (FoE) Grenada is concerned with land use especially in relation to tourism. The also dwell in activities in relation to costal clean-ups, sustainable agriculture, local sustainability and good governance and even rallies up campaigns opposing the shipment of nuclear and other toxic waste across the Caribbean.
The Grenada Goat Dairy Project or TGD for short, aims at reducing the carbon footprint associated with imports and help generate a sustainable income to less fortunate farmers. Established in 2008, TGD was introduced as a business model to train local farmers in the ways of sustainable income-generating production and marketing strategies for goat dairy products in Grenada.
Conservation Kayak, opposite to the functions of Dive Grenada; where individuals experience Grenada’s underwater beauty, Conservation Kayak offers guided trips to experience the beauty of Grenada on top of the surface with the double goal to provide breath-taking kayaking experience as well as raising awareness of environmental conservation by increasing appreciation of Grenada’s eco-systems.